Hajah Mustafa Mohd Hanefah, Abdullaah Jalil, Asharaf Mohd Ramli, Hisham Sabri, Norhaziah Nawai and Syahidawati Shahwan (Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia)
The paper studies financing mechanisms used by waqf institutions in Malaysia and Singapore in developing various types of waqf properties. In Malaysia, the duty of managing and developing waqf assets is under the jurisdiction of state government though State Islamic Religious Counsils (SIRCs). The problem of getting enough finds and inefficient staffs has hindered the development of a large number of waqf assets especially land waqf. In addition to traditional mode of financing such as long lease (hukr), modern scheme and self-financing have been used by the authority to develop waqf properties. Interestingly, the development of waqf assets in Singapore is encouraging especially after the establishment of Warees Pte Ltd.; a subsidiary of Singapore Islamic Religious Council (MUIS). The source of financing is mainly generated through cash waqf contributed monthly by Muslims in Singapore. Besides, a modern mode of financing such as sukuk musyarakah has been introduced in developing commercial buildings on waqf land. This paper compares the financing methods adopted to develop waqf properties in Malaysia and Singapore. Recommendations are made as to the best form of financing that can be adopted in developing waqf properties in Malaysia.
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