Application of Statutes of Limitations to Islamic Banking: The Case of Malaysia

Authors

  • Aishath Muneeza International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance
  • Zakariya Mustapha Universiti Malaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33102/jmifr.v17i1.260

Keywords:

Islamic banking, Malaysia, Statutes of limitations.

Abstract

Limitations of action designate extent of time after an event, as set by statutes of limitations, within which legal action can be initiated by a party to a transaction. No event is actionable outside the designated time as same is rendered statute-barred. This study aims to provide an insight into application and significance of Limitations Act 1950 and Limitation Ordinance 1952 to Islamic banking matters in Malaysia as well as Shariah viewpoint on the issue of limitation of action. In conducting the study, a qualitative research methodology is employed where reported Islamic banking cases from 1983 to 2018 in Malaysia were reviewed and analysed to ascertain the application of those statutes of limitations to Islamic banking. Likewise, relevant provisions of the statutes as invoked in the cases were examined to determine possible legislative conflicts between the provisions and the rule of Islamic law in governing the right and limitation of action in Islamic banking cases under the law. The reviewed cases show the extent to which statutes of limitations were invoked in Malaysian courts in determining validity of Islamic banking matters. The limitation provisions so referred to are largely sections 6(1)(a) and 21(1) Limitations Act 1953 and section 19 Limitation Ordinance 1953, which do not conflict with Shariah viewpoint on the matter. This study will prove invaluable to financial institutions and their customers alike in promoting knowledge and creating awareness over actionable event in the course of their transactions.

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Statutes:
Central Bank of Malaysia Act 2009.

Companies Act 2016

Courts of Judicature Act, 1964 (Act 91).

Evidence Act, 1950 (Act 56).

Federal Constitution, Malaysia, 1957.

Islamic Financial Services Act, 2013 (Act759)

Rules of Court, 2012 (PU(A) 205/2012).

Cases:
Bain v. Whitehaven Railway Junction [1850] 3 H CL. 1-19.

Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad v. UMW Zipper Mfg. Sdn Bhd & Ors [2010] 1 LNS 1560.

Bank Kerjasama Rakyat Malaysia Berhad v. Emcee Corporation Sdn Bhd [2003] 1 CLJ 625.

Latifah Mat Zin v. Rosmawati Sharibun & Anor [2007] 5 CLJ 253

Limitation Act 1953 (Act No. 254 of 1953).

Limitation Ordinance, 1952 (Act No. 49 of 1952).

Malayan Banking Bhd v. Ya'kup Oje & Anor [2007] 5 CLJ 311.

Maybank Islamic Berhad v. M-10 Builders Sdn Bhd & Anor [2017] 2 MLJ 69, [2016] MLJU 1353, [2015] MLJU 2035.

Maybank Islamic Bhd v. Kamarulzaman bin Mohamed Nordin [2014] 7 MLJ 685 [2013] MLJU 834.

Profound Heritage Sdn Bhd v. Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad - Labuan Offshore Branch [2010] 1 LNS 1249.

Published

2020-05-29

How to Cite

Muneeza, A., & Mustapha, Z. (2020). Application of Statutes of Limitations to Islamic Banking: The Case of Malaysia. The Journal of Muamalat and Islamic Finance Research, 17(1), 56-69. https://doi.org/10.33102/jmifr.v17i1.260

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Section

Regular Issues