Assessing The Performance Of Zakat And Samurdhi Scheme In Alleviating Poverty Among The Muslim Community In Sri Lanka


Total Views: 171

Authors

  • Abi Huraira Rifas Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Islamic Studies and Arabic Language, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, 32360, Oluvil, Sri Lanka
  • Hayathu Mohamed Ahamed Hilmy Department of Islamic Studies, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, 32360, Oluvil, Sri Lanka
  • Iqbal Saujan Department of Islamic Studies, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, 32360, Oluvil, Sri Lanka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33102/jmifr.508

Keywords:

Zakat, samurdhi, poverty alleviation, performance evaluation, Muslim community.

Abstract

Poverty is one of the most hotly debated subjects in international development. It is also discussed in all economic development and governmental policymaking. Every country in the world adopts poverty alleviation strategies since poverty has been negatively impacting on economic growth. Despite this global trend, Sri Lanka has its own unique strategies that set it apart. The Samurdhi is one of the key schemes to reduce poverty in society regardless of faith or ethnicity in Sri Lanka. Notably, Muslims in Sri Lanka get benefits from Samurdhi and Zakāt programmes which play a major role in poverty reduction especially among Muslim community. on this background, this study aims to analyse the performance of both Zakāt and Samurdhi schemes in poverty alleviation among the Muslim community in the study area. This study is based on qualitative research paradigm and employs both primary and secondary data. Primary data were collected through the unstructured interviews, conducted with the coordinators, animators, and beneficiaries of both programs. All interview scripts were analysed using the Thematic Content Analysis (TCA) method. The study concluded with the argument that both schemes (Samurdhi and Zakāt) immensely contributed to poverty alleviation in the study area, especially among the Muslim community. However, Samurdhi scheme is more effective than the zakat programme during the study period (2019-2022) as Samurdhi scheme was implemented with the support of the government and annually government is allocating fund separately. Apart from this, no government funds were allocated for the proper implementation of the zakat programme via the Zakāt foundations. It is noteworthy that Zakāt system has been functioning by the donations from wealthy Muslims. Meanwhile, Zakāt scheme was effectively implemented in certain areas of Akkaraipattu. However, comparatively Zakāt scheme was not implemented effectively among beneficiaries in the whole study area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Quran

Abdul, H.M.N. (2012). Assessing Performance of Non-profit Organization: A Framework for Zakat Institutions. British Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Science, 5(1), 12-22.

Abubakar, B.M. (2008). Study Guide: Zakat Accounting Concepts and Applications. Kuala Lumpur: Wisewords Publishing Fiqh Sunnah. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab.

Abubakar, B.M. & Hussaini H.A. (2014). An Appraisal of the Performance of National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) on Poverty Reduction in Bauchi State.” IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(1), 49-55.

Alberto, Miunujin & Nandy, S. (2012). Global Child Poverty and Well-being Measurement, concept, policy and action (Edn). Policy Press. 2012.

Jafferjee, A. & Dinushka, S. (2010). Poverty Reduction Strategy in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka: A Centre for Poverty Analysis (CEPA) Publication.

Azra, Khanam (2013). Muslim Backward Classes; A Sociological Aspect. New Delhi. India: Sage Publications.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77-101.

CBSL. (2016). Annual Report-2016. Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka.

Choudhury, M.A & Harahap, S.S. (2008). Interrelationship between Zakat, Islamic Bank and the Economy; a Theoretical Exploration. Managerial Finance, 34(9), 610-617.

Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). (2012). Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES). Sri Lanka: Department of Census and Statistics.

Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). (2021). Multidimensional Poverty in Sri Lanka. ri Lanka: Department of Census and Statistics.

Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). (2012). Statistical Abstract of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka: Department of Census and Statistics.

Fahami, M.A & Salina, H.K. (2016). Efectiveness of Zakat-Based Programs on Poverty Alleviation and Economic

Empowerment of Poor Women: A Case Study of Bangladesh. Journal of Islamic Monetary Economics and Finance, 1(2), 229-257.

Gamage, D. (2006). Governance of Poverty or Poverty of Governance. Economic Review, 31.

Grindle, M. (2004). Good Enough Governance: Poverty Reduction and Reform in Developing Countries. International Journal of Policy Administration and Institutions, 17.

Hossein, Askari, Iqbal Zamir & Mirakhor Abbas. (2012). New Issues in Islamic Finance and Economics: Progress and Challenges. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.

Hossain, M. (2012). Zakat in Islam: A Powerful Poverty Alleviating Instrument for Islamic Countries. International Journal of Economic Development Research and Investment, 3(1), 1-11.

Japan, I. C. A. (2003). Actual Situation of Poverty and Importance of. In Human Development (Issue 2001). https://www.jica.go.jp/jica-ri/IFIC_and_JBICI-

Studies/english/publications/reports/study/topical/approaches/pdf/poverty_01.pdf

Marco, F. (2013). Transforming Indian agriculture-India 2040: Productivity, Markets, and institutions. India: SAGE Publication.

Ministry of Finance and Planning. (2012). Causes and Consequences of Poverty Targeting Failures: The Case of the Samurdhi Program in Sri Lanka. Colombo: Sri Lanka.

Mosley, P. & Verschoor, A. (2005). Risk Attitude in the Vicious Circle of Poverty. European Journal of Development Research, 17(1), 59-88.

Nadeeka, D.M.B. (2016). Causes and Consequences of Poverty Targeting Failures: The Case of the Samurdhi Program in Sri Lanka. Asian Politics & Policy, 8(2), 281-303.

Olanipekun, W. D., Brimah, A. N., & Sanusi, H. B. (2015). The Role of Zakat as a Poverty Alleviation Strategy and a Tool for Sustainable Development : Insights from the Perspectives of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 5(3), 8–17. https://doi.org/10.12816/0019109

Payne, G. & Payne, J. (2004). Key Concepts in Social Research. London: Sage Publications.

Rifas, A.H. (2020). The Livelihood Level of Addalaichenai Division: A Field Study Based on Alankulam Village. KALAM-International Research Journal, 13(2), 78-89.

Rifas, A.H, Jazeel, M.I.M. & Fathima, M.M.S. (2019). The Impact of Poverty House Environment in Completion of Homeworks: Based on Sweat Area Muslim School. KALAM- International Research Journal ,12(1), 60-73.

Ritwik, S. & Sasmal, J. (2016). Public Expenditure, Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation. International Journal of Social Economics, 43(6), 604-618.

Salleh, M. S. (2017). Contemporary Vision of Poverty and Islamic Strategy for Poverty Alleviation. SAGE Open, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017697153

Samurdhi Authority of Sri Lanka. (2011). Annual Report for the Year -2011. Colombo: Samurdhi authority of Sri Lanka.

Samurdhi Authority of Sri Lanka. (2015). Divineguma Performance Report of Ampara District-2015. Colombo: Samurdhi authority of Sri Lanka.

Saujan, I., & Mazahir, S. M. M. (2021). Legal and Practical Issues in the Management of Waqf Properties in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Sukuk and Waqf Research, 2(1), 18–31. https://doi.org/10.46281/ijswr.v2i1.1646

Sen, A. K. (1983). Poor, Relatively Speaking. Oxford Economic, Papers, 35.

Sen, A. (1985). Well-Being, Agency and Freedom: The Dewey Lectures 1984. The Journal of Philosophy, 82(4), 80-97.

Sheh Muhammed Saalih Al Muhajid. (2017). Poverty and Its Negative Effects, and Means of Eliminating It in Islam. Accessed October 5, 2017. Retrieved from https://islamica.infor/en/953440.

Sing, P.K. & Chudasama, H. (2020). Evaluating Poverty Alleviation Strategies in a Developing Country. PLoS ONE, 15(1), 1-23.

Smelser, N.J. & Baltes, P.B. (2001). International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences (Edn.). Elsevier: Oxford Science Ltd.

Tennakoon, D. (2003). Strategies and Programmes for Reducing Rural Poverty in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka: Agricultural Resource Management Division.

TelsyFratama, D. S. (2019). Distribution In Islamic Economic Perspective (Criticism to Capitalist). Journal Economics and Business of Islam, 4(2), 156–169.

The World Bank Annual Report. (2014). Washington: D.C-World bank group.

Published

2023-11-20
CITATION
DOI: 10.33102/jmifr.508
Published: 2023-11-20

How to Cite

Abi Huraira Rifas, Hayathu Mohamed Ahamed Hilmy, & Iqbal Saujan. (2023). Assessing The Performance Of Zakat And Samurdhi Scheme In Alleviating Poverty Among The Muslim Community In Sri Lanka. The Journal of Muamalat and Islamic Finance Research, 20(2), 19-37. https://doi.org/10.33102/jmifr.508

Issue

Section

Regular Issues